Up to the present day, open-cast mining in NW Bohemia has swallowed more than 350 sq. km of cultural landscape. Numerous excavations were undertaken but usually only when the topsoil layer had already been removed. Under such conditions a substantial part of the archaeological information was lost. Our project is a reaction to future mining activities in one of the last open-cast mines in the Czech Republic, namely in the valley of the Hutná stream in the Chomutov district (NW Bohemia). An area of 11sq. km should be worked-out here during 2007-2020. The aim of the project is to capture the information of the surface layer by field walking and other non-destructive methods. This data could then be compared to the results of excavations which are to follow. The chance for such a comparison is unique in the context of contemporary European archaeology and would bring important data both for the development of non-destructive methods and knowledge of prehistoric settlement patterns.
Archaeology of a disappearing landscape. A non-destructive survey of the open-cast mine Tušimice
• (Principal) Investigator:
PhDr. Zdeněk Smrž, CSc.
• identification number:
prehistory; Middle Ages; surface artefact collection; non-destructive survey