Mobility and social status of the Early Bronze Age population on the Amber Road. The testimony of the cemetery in Mikulovice
• (Principal) Investigator:
Mgr. Michal Ernée, Ph.D.
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• Keywords:
Early Bronze Age - Amber Road - mobility - social status - living standard - long-distant contacts - isotope-analyses - 14C-analyses - nodal point - core and periphery

Thanks to Early Bronze metallurgy and established long-distance contacts, the beginning of the Bronze Age (c. 2200-1700 BC) is a subject of intensive study. At the time, the territory encompassing today’s Bohemia was one of the most developed parts of Europe (the Únětice culture). Thanks to a rich cemetery, an extensive settlement and a location along an important long-distance route, Mikulovice (East Bohemia) is one of the most important sites of this time in Bohemia. An inhumation cemetery with approximately 100 graves is an important potential source of information. More than 400 amber beads, seashells and gold and bronze jewellery were found in a single grave. The site offers an opportunity for a comprehensive study of the significant settlement agglomeration along a prominent long-distance route. The first step is an analysis of the cemetery in order to verify a working hypothesis that the results of analyses of skeletons and artefacts from the graves should reflect greater mobility, long-distant contacts and higher social status of the members of the local population.

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