Department: Department of the Natural Sciences and Archaeometry
Job: Anthropologist
Telephone Number: + 420 257 014 304
e-mail: cernyarup.cas.cz
Specialization: research and development of historical and biologic anthropology of the Prehistory


Projects:
GA13-37998S Genetic imprints of food-production systems in human populations
ME 917 The first steps out of Africa – looking for the genetic traces of Late Pleistocene human dispersal through South Arabian Peninsula
GA206/08/1587 Migrations by infiltrations and its impact on genetic structure – The population history of nomadic versus sedentary populations of the African Sahel
GA404/03/0318 Areal Approach in Archaeogenetics an Linguistics: Population and Language Structure of the Chad Basin
- Paleodemography and Paleoepidemiology of Historical Populations of Central and Western Europe
IAB9002001 The Relationship between Mortality Pattern and the State of Health of the Early Medieval Population from Žatec
GA404/99/D023 The Relationship between Social Organisation and Biological Variabilitry of Fali Population from North Cameroun




He deals with the basic research in biological anthropology of past populations and human evolutionary genetics. His research addresses questions concerning both morphological and molecular biology phenomena in human populations. In case of morphology he explores the problems of sexual dimorphism of non-pelvic measurements of past populations; in case of molecular genetics he searches the structural differences and phylogenetic relations of mitochondrial DNA sequences and interpretation of genetic and geographic distances among different human populations. He conducts several diploma works and PhD dissertations in the above mentioned areas of research.

Selected publications:

Černý V, Kulichová I. Poloni E. S., Nunes J. M., Pereira L., Mayor A. Sanchez-Mazas A. 2018. Genetic history of the African Sahelian populations. HLA: 1–14. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/tan.13189

Sanchez-Mazas A, Černý V, Di D, Buhler S, Podgorná E, Chevallier E, Brunet L, Weber S, Kervaire B, Testi M, Andreani M, Tiercy JM, Villard J, Nunes JM. 2017. The HLA-B landscape of Africa: Signatures of pathogen-driven selection and molecular identification of candidate alleles to malaria protection. Molecular Ecology 26(22):6238-6252. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/mec.14366

Kulichová I, Fernandes V, Deme A, Nováčková J, Stenzl V, Novelletto A, Pereira L, Černý V. 2017. Internal diversification of non-Sub-Saharan haplogroups in Sahelian populations and the spread of pastoralism beyond the Sahara. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 164(2):424-434. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajpa.23285

Priehodová E, Austerlitz F, Čížková M, Mokhtar MG, Poloni ES, Černý V. 2017. The historical spread of Arabian Pastoralists to the eastern African Sahel evidenced by the lactase persistence -13,915*G allele and mitochondrial DNA. American Journal of Human Biology 29(3). https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajhb.22950

Sahakyan H, Hooshiar Kashani B, Tamang R, Kushniarevich A, Francis A, Costa MD, Pathak AK, Khachatryan Z, Sharma I, van Oven M, Parik J, Hovhannisyan H, Metspalu E, Pennarun E, Karmin M, Tamm E, Tambets K, Bahmanimehr A, Reisberg T, Reidla M, Achilli A, Olivieri A, Gandini F, Perego UA, Al-Zahery N, Houshmand M, Sanati MH, Soares P, Rai E, Šarac J, Šarić T, Sharma V, Pereira L, Fernandes V, Černý V, Farjadian S, Singh DP, Azakli H, Üstek D, Ekomasova Trofimova N, Kutuev I, Litvinov S, Bermisheva M, Khusnutdinova EK, Rai N, Singh M, Singh VK, Reddy AG, Tolk HV, Cvjetan S, Lauc LB, Rudan P, Michalodimitrakis EN, Anagnou NP, Pappa KI, Golubenko MV, Orekhov V, Borinskaya SA, Kaldma K, Schauer MA, Simionescu M, Gusar V, Grechanina E, Govindaraj P, Voevoda M, Damba L, Sharma S, Singh L, Semino O, Behar DM, Yepiskoposyan L, Richards MB, Metspalu M, Kivisild T, Thangaraj K, Endicott P, Chaubey G, Torroni A, Villems R. 2017. Origin and spread of human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U7. Scientific Reports 7:46044. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep46044

Čížková M, Hofmanová Z, Mokhtar MG, Janoušek V, Diallo I, Munclinger P, Černý V. 2017. Alu insertion polymorphisms in the African Sahel and the origin of Fulani pastoralists. Annals of Human Biology 44(6):537-545. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03014460.2017.1328073?journalCode=iahb20

Cerezo M, Gusmão L, Černý V, Uddin N, Syndercombe-Court D, Gómez-Carballa A, Göbel T, Schneider PM, Salas A. 2016. Comprehensive Analysis of Pan-African Mitochondrial DNA Variation Provides New Insights into Continental Variation and Demography. Journal of Genetics and Genomics 43:133–143. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1673852715001666

Černý V, Čížková M, Poloni ES, Al-Meeri A., Mulligan CJ. 2016. Comprehensive view of the population history of Arabia as inferred by mtDNA variation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 159(4):607-16. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22920/abstract;jsessionid=FAC35F7DDCC73BAC6441EFF5CA7A94B5.f04t03

Černý V. 2016. Po stopách ʿÁdů. Jižní Arábie v čase a prostoru. Praha, Academia. http://www.academia.cz/po-stopach-adu.html

Černý V. Hájek M. 2016. Evropa, migrace a utváření identit (aneb staré víno v nových lahvích). Živa 64(1): 2-3. http://ziva.avcr.cz/2016-1/evropa-migrace-a-utvareni-identit-aneb-stare-vino-v-novych-lahvich.html

Triska P, Soares P, Patin E, Fernandes V, Černý V, Pereira L. 2015. Extensive Admixture and Selective Pressure Across the Sahel Belt. Genome Biology and Evolution 7(12):3484-95. http://gbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/7/12/3484.full

Podgorná E, Diallo I, Vangenot C, Sanchez-Mazas A, Sabbagh A, Černý V, Poloni ES. 2015. Variation in NAT2 acetylation phenotypes is associated with differences in food‐producing subsistence modes and ecoregions in Africa. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15:263. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/15/263

Nováčková J, Dreslerová D, Černý V, Poloni ES. 2015. The place of Slovakian paternal diversity in the clinal European landscape. Ann Hum Biol 42(6): 511–522. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/03014460.2014.974668

Silva M, Alshamali F, Silva P, Carrilho C, Mandlate F, Trovoada M-J, Černý V, Pereira L, Soares P. 2015. 60,000 years of interactions between Central and Eastern Africa documented by major African mitochondrial haplogroup L2. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 12526. http://www.nature.com/articles/srep12526

Fernandes V, Triska P, Pereira JB, Alshamali F, Rito T, Machado A, Fajkošová Z, Cavadas B, Černý V, Soares P, Richards MB, Pereira L. 2015. Genetic Stratigraphy of Key Demographic Events in Arabia. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0118625. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0118625

Priehodová E, Abdelsawy A, Heyer E, Černý V. 2014. Lactase persistence variants in Arabia and in African Arabs. Human Biology 86(1): 7-18. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3378/027.086.0101

Černý V, Pereira L 2014. Archaeogenetics of Africa and of the African hunter-gatherers. In. Cummings V, Jordan P, Zvelebil M. (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-gatherers. Oxford. Oxford University Press. Pages 1143 – 1162. http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199551224.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199551224

Rito T, Richards MB, Fernandes V, Alshamali F, Černý V, Pereira L, Soares P, 2013. The First Modern Human Dispersals across Africa. PLOS ONE 8 (11): e80031. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0080031

Podgorná E, Soares P, Pereira L, Černý V, 2013. The Genetic Impact of the Lake Chad Basin Population in North Africa as Documented by Mitochondrial Diversity and Internal Variation of the L3e5 Haplogroup. Annals of Human Genetics 77: 513–523. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ahg.12040/abstract

Kujanová N, Černý V, 2013. Anthropology of El-Hayz: Morphological and Genetic Contributions to the Egyptian Western Desert Population History. In. Dospěl M, Suková L. (Ed.): Bahriya Oasis. Recent Research into the Past of an Egyptian Oasis. Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Arts. Pp. 131–148. https://www.amazon.com/Bahriya-Oasis-Recent-Research-Egyptian/dp/8073084570

Rose JI, Černý V, Bayoumi R, 2013. Tabula rasa or refugia? Using genetic data to assess the peopling of Arabia. Arabian archaeology and epigraphy 24(1): 95–101. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aae.12017/abstract

Bučková J, Černý V, Novelletto A, 2013. Multiple and Differentiated Contributions to the Male Gene Pool of Pastoral and Farmer Populations of the African Sahel. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151(1):10–21. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22236/abstract

Al-Abri A, Podgorná E, Rose JI, Pereira L, Mulligan CJ, Silva NM, Bayoumi R, Soares P, Černý V. 2012. Pleistocene-Holocene boundary in Southern Arabia from the perspective of human mtDNA variation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149(2):291-8. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22131/abstract

Soares P, Alshamali F, Pereira JB, Fernandes V, Silva NM, Afonso C, Costa MD, Musilová E, Macaulay V, Richards MB, Černý V, Pereira L. 2012. The Expansion of mtDNA Haplogroup L3 within and out of Africa. Molecular Biology and Evolution 29(3):915-27. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/29/3/915.abstract

Fernandes V, Alshamali F, Alves M, Costa MD, Pereira JB, Silva NM, Cherni L, Harich N, Černý V, Soares P, Richards MB, Pereira L. 2012. The Arabian Cradle: Mitochondrial Relicts of the First Steps along the Southern Route out of Africa. American Journal of Human Genetics 90(2):347-55. http://www.cell.com/AJHG/retrieve/pii/S0002929711005453

Rose JI, Usik VI, Marks AE, Hilbert YH, Galletti CS, Parton A, Geiling JM, Černý V, Morley MW, Roberts RG. 2011.
The Nubian Complex of Dhofar, Oman: an African middle stone age industry in Southern Arabia. PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e28239. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0028239

Musilová E, Fernandes V, Silva NM, Soares P, Alshamali F, Harich N, Cherni L, Gaaied AB, Al-Meeri A, Pereira L, Černý V. 2011. Population history of the Red Sea – genetic exchanges between the Arabian Peninsula and East Africa signaled in the mitochondrial DNA HV1 haplogroup. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 145(4):592-8. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.21522/abstract

Černý V, Pereira L, Musilová E, Kujanová M, Vašíková A, Blasi P, Garofalo L, Soares P, Diallo I, Brdicka R, Novelletto A. 2011. Genetic structure of pastoral and farmer populations in the African Sahel. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28(9):2491-500. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/28/9/2491.abstract

Černý V, Mulligan CJ, Fernandes V, Silva NM, Alshamali F, Non A, Harich N, Cherni L, El Gaaied AB, Al-Meeri A, Pereira L. 2011. Internal diversification of mitochondrial haplogroup R0a reveals post-last glacial maximum demographic expansions in South Arabia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28(1):71–78. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/28/1/71.abstract

Cerezo M, Černý V, Carracedo Á, Salas A. 2011. New Insights into the Lake Chad Basin Population Structure Revealed by High-Throughput Genotyping of Mitochondrial DNA Coding SNPs. PLoS ONE 6(4) e18682. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0018682

Pereira L, Černý V, Cerezo M, Silva NM, Hájek M, Vašíková A, Kujanová M, Brdička R, Salas A. 2010. Linking the sub-Saharan and West Eurasian gene pools: maternal and paternal heritage of the Tuareg nomads from the African Sahel. European Journal of Human Genetics 18: 915–923. http://www.nature.com/ejhg/journal/v18/n8/full/ejhg201021a.html

Cerezo M, Černý V, Carracedo A, Salas A. 2009. Applications of MALDI-TOF MS to large-scale human mtDNA population-based studies. Electrophoresis 30: 3665-3673. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elps.200900294/abstract

Rídl J, Edens CM, Černý V. 2009. Mitochondrial DNA structure of Yemeni population: regional differences and the implications for different migratory contributions. In: Petraglia MD & Rose JI (Eds.). The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia. Paleoenvironments, Prehistory and Genetics. Series: Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Springer. Pp: 69-78. https://www.springer.com/la/book/9789048127184

Černý V. 2009. The physical remains of the Old Kingdom mastaba and lesser tombs owners – the sexual dimorphism of the Old Kingdom population. In: Bárta M. (Ed.): Abusir XIII: Abusir South 2: Tomb Complex of the Vizier Qar, His Sons Qar Junior and Senedjemib and Iykai. Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague. Pp. 279-294. https://www.amazon.com/Abusir-XIII-Senedjemib-Excavations-Egyptology/dp/8087025210

Kujanová M, Pereira L, Fernandes V, Pereira JB, Černý V. 2009. Near Eastern Neolithic Genetic Input in a Small Oasis of the Egyptian Western Desert. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140:336–346. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.21078/abstract

Černý V, Fernandes V, Costa MD, Hájek M, Mulligan CJ, Pereira L. 2009. Migration of Chadic speaking pastoralists within Africa based on population structure of Chad Basin and phylogeography of mitochondrial L3f haplogroup. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2009, 9:63. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/63

Černý V, Pereira L, Kujanová M, Vašíková A, Hájek M, Morris M, Mulligan CJ. 2009. Out of Arabia – The settlement of Island Soqotra as revealed by mitochondrial and Y chromosome genetic diversity. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 138:439–447. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.20960/abstract

Černý V, Kujanová M, Strouhal E. 2008. Anthropological material. In: Krejčí J., Callender VG, Verner M. Abusir XII. Minor Tombs in the Royal Necropolis I (The Mastabas of Nebtyemneferes and Nakhtsare, Pyramid Complex Lepsius no. 24 and Tomb Complex Lepsius no. 25). Prague, Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague. https://www.amazon.com/Abusir-XII-Necropolis-Nebtyemneferes-Nakhtsare/dp/8073081814

Hájek M, Černý V, Brůžek J. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA and craniofacial co-variability of Chad Basin females indicate past population events. American Journal of Human Biology 20, 465-74. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajhb.20779/abstract

Černý V, Mulligan CJ, Rídl J, Žaloudková M, Edens Ch, Hájek M, Pereira L. 2008. Regional differences in the distribution of the Sub-Saharan, West Eurasian and South Asian mtDNA lineages in Yemen. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 136, 128–137. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.20784/abstract

Černý V, Salas A, Hájek M, Žaloudková M, Brdička R. 2007. A Bidirectional Corridor in the Sahel-Sudan Belt and the Distinctive Features of the Chad Basin Populations: A History Revealed by the Mitochondrial DNA Genome. Annals of Human Genetics 71, 433–452. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-1809.2006.00339.x

Černý V, Hájek M, Čmejla R, Brůžek J, Žáková D, Bromová M Brdička R. 2006. Molecular genetics relationships of Chadic populations from Northern Cameroon in peri-Saharan area. In : Caron B. & Zima P. (Eds.). Sprachbund in the West African Sahel Collection Afrique et Langage 11. PEETERS PRESS, Louvain-Paris. Str. 67-92. https://www.amazon.co.uk/Sprachbund-African-Sahel-Afrique-Language/dp/9042917458

Černý V, Hájek M, Bromová M, Čmejla R, Diallo I, Brdička R. 2006: mtDNA of Fulani Nomads and Their Genetic Relationships to Neighboring Sedentary Populations. Human Biology 78, 9-27. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1353/hub.2006.0024

Černý V, Hájek M, Čmejla R, Brůžek J, Brdička R. 2004: mtDNA Sequences of Chadic speakig populations from the northern Cameroon suggest their affinities with eastern Africa. Annals of Human Biology 31(5) : 554-569. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03014460412331287182

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